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Cellular Totipotency with Examples and its Future Direction

Cellular totipotency is the capacity of a single cell to divide itself to produce all the different types of cells of an organism, in standard conditions. (The term “standard conditions” typically refers to the optimal environment required for the development and maintenance of totipotent cells.) Cellular Totipotency Cellular totipotency is the capacity of a single...Read More

Aerobic and Anaerobic Respiration

Aerobic respiration and anaerobic respiration are metabolic processes by which cells generate energy from the breakdown of organic molecules.  The said organic molecules are known as glucose formed from food in animals and photosynthesis in the case of plants and some bacteria. During the respiration process, ATP (adenosine triphosphate), the energy currency of cells is...Read More

Core Keeper Robot Arms, Benefit, Functions and Types.

Core keeper robot arms are robotic systems designed specifically for the foundry industry. Foundries are industrial facilities that produce metal castings by pouring molten metal into moulds. During this process, impurities in the molten metal, such as slag and other debris, can accumulate at the bottom of the mould. Core keeper robot arms are used...Read More

Quantum Tunneling: From Theory to Applications.

Quantum tunneling is a quantum mechanical phenomenon in which a particle has a finite probability of crossing a potential energy barrier that, according to classical mechanics, the particle does not have sufficient energy to enter or surmount. Tunneling is a consequence of the wave nature of matter, where the quantum wave function describes the state...Read More

Electron Carriers: The Key Players in Energy Transfer

Electron carriers play a significant role in energy transfer within biological systems, that facilitate the movement of electrons during crucial processes such as cellular respiration and photosynthesis. These carriers are essential for harnessing and transporting the energy derived from nutrients or sunlight, enabling organisms to sustain life and carry out various metabolic functions. What are...Read More

The Electron Transport Chain (ETC) and FAQs

The Electron Transport Chain (ETC) is an important part of cellular respiration. Such a process takes place in the mitochondria of eukaryotic cells. It is cellular respiration that is responsible for extracting energy from nutrients and converting it into a form (adenosine triphosphate or ATP). Electron Transport Chain: The Electron Transport Chain (ETC) is an...Read More

The Krebs Cycle, its Steps, and the Role of ATP and AMP

The Krebs Cycle is referred to as the Citric Acid Cycle or tricarboxylic acid (TCA) cycle and is the second stage of cellular respiration. It is a fundamental metabolic pathway that happens in the mitochondria of eukaryotic cells. The Krebs Cycle: The Krebs Cycle is referred to as the Citric Acid Cycle or tricarboxylic acid...Read More

Glycolysis, Key Reactions, and Examples

Glycolysis is a basic and important cellular metabolic pathway that happens in the cytoplasm of cells. It is the first stage of cellular respiration where one molecule of glucose (a six-carbon sugar) breaks down into two molecules of pyruvate (a three-carbon compound). What is Glycolysis? Glycolysis is a basic and important cellular metabolic pathway that...Read More

Cellular Respiration and its Process

Cellular respiration is a key component of respiration that takes place within the cells of organisms. It includes a series of complex metabolic processes that ultimately result in the production of ATP(energy). Cellular Respiration: Cellular respiration is a key component of respiration that takes place within the cells of organisms. It includes a series of...Read More

Oxidation Reaction, Examples, and Uses.

Oxidation is a chemical process that involves the loss of electrons by a substance, often accompanied by an increase in oxidation number. Oxidation reactions are characterized by the transfer of electrons from one substance (the reducing agent) to another substance (the oxidizing agent). It is essential to note that oxidation and reduction always occur together,...Read More
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