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chemistry

The Markovnikov Rule, Exceptions and Applications.

The Markovnikov Rule, also known as Markovnikov’s addition, is a fundamental concept in organic chemistry that helps predict the outcome of electrophilic addition reactions to unsymmetrical alkenes or alkynes. It states that in the addition of a protic acid (such as HCl or HBr) or other electrophiles to an unsymmetrical alkene or alkyne, the electrophile...Read More

The Pauli Exclusion Principle, Real Time Examples and Some Exception.

The Pauli Exclusion Principle states that no two electrons in an atom can have the same set of four quantum numbers. The four quantum numbers are: What is the Pauli Exclusion Principle? The Pauli Exclusion Principle states that no two electrons in an atom can have the same set of four quantum numbers. The four...Read More

The Aufbau Principle, Salient Features and Exception.

The Aufbau principle states that in the ground state of an atom or ion, electrons fill atomic orbitals of the lowest available energy level before occupying higher-energy levels. It is a physical principle that states that electrons fill atomic orbitals of the lowest available energy level before occupying higher energy levels. What is mean by...Read More

Boyle’s Law, Formula, Derivatives, and Some Examples.

Boyle’s law is a gas law that describes the relationship between pressure and volume of a confined gas. Such a law states that the pressure of a gas is inversely proportional to its volume at constant temperature and mass. This means that if the pressure of a gas is increased, its volume will decrease, and...Read More

The Magnetic Quantum Number (“ml”),Properties and FAQs.

The magnetic quantum number (ml) is one of four quantum numbers that describe the state of an electron in an atom. It determines the orientation of the orbital, which is a region of space where there is a high probability of finding the electron. What do You Know About Magnetic Quantum Number? The magnetic quantum...Read More

Know the Azimuthal Quantum Number (l), Properties and FAQs.

The azimuthal quantum number is one of the four quantum numbers used in quantum mechanics to describe the behavior of electrons within atoms. It provides information about the shape of an electron’s orbital and the possible values of its orientation in three-dimensional space. The possible values of this quantum number are 0 to n-1, where n...Read More

Principal Quantum Number, Important Properties and FAQs

The principal quantum number (often denoted as “n”) is one of the four quantum numbers used to describe the characteristics and behavior of electrons within atoms in the framework of quantum mechanics. It primarily provides information about the energy level, or shell, in which an electron resides within an atom. Principal Quantum Number? The principal...Read More

Quantum Numbers, Types, and Important Significance.

Quantum numbers are fundamental concepts in quantum mechanics that are used to describe various properties and characteristics of particles, such as electrons within atoms. What is Quantum Number? Quantum numbers are fundamental concepts in quantum mechanics that are used to describe various properties and characteristics of particles, such as electrons, within atoms. Quantum numbers were...Read More
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